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Pediatrics is the branch of medicine dealing with the care of children and the treatment of childhood diseases and issues. Typically, children see a pediatrician from infancy until they are around 16 years old, or as advised by their pediatrician.

Children grow and develop so much in the first two decades of life, working toward numerous health milestones along the way. During this time, their health needs are different from those of an adult, and they may benefit from being cared for by a specially trained pediatrician.

Pediatric care includes:

• Preventive health maintenance and ongoing well child check-ups
• Acute care for infections, illness or injury
• Medical care for children who are acutely or chronically ill
• Fostering healthy lifestyles
• The physical, mental and emotional wellbeing of children in every stage of development Pediatricians also focus on the prevention, detection and management of other issues that affect children and adolescents, including:

• Behavioral difficulties
• Developmental disorders
• Functional problems
• Social stresses
• Depression or anxiety disorders